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Beginner Level Grammar : The Negative Form 有 in Chinese

The negative form of 有 is 没有. In Chinese, the affirmative form and negative form of a word can be juxtaposed to form
a question.

我有水。(wǒ yǒu shuǐ.) I have water.

我没有水。(​wǒ méiyǒu shuǐ. I have no water.

If someone ask you 你有水吗?(nǐ yǒu shuǐ ma?) 吗 means "or not", it means "you have water or not?" (do you have water?)

you can answer 我有水。(wǒ yǒu shuǐ.) I have water.

or you can answer 我没有水。(​wǒ méiyǒu shuǐ. I have no water.

f someone ask you 你有面包吗?(nǐ yǒu miàn bāo ma?) do you have bread 

you can answer 我有面包。(wǒ yǒu shuǐ.) I have bread.

or you can answer 我没有面包。(​wǒ méiyǒu shuǐ. I have no bread.

You also can use 有没有(yǒu méi yǒu) to ask question. 有没有 means "have or not?"

For example:

有没有面包?(yǒu méi yǒu miàn bāo) you have bread or not? (is there bread?)

有没有水?(yǒu méi yǒu shuǐ) you have water or not?(is there water?)

有没有糖果?(yǒu méi yǒu táng guǒ?) you have candy or not?(is there any candy?) 

In order to answer this form of 有没有 question.

you can answer 我有____or 我没有_____。

没有also means didn't. Let say if you want to express something that you didn't do in Mandarin. 

Use this form: 没有+(something you didn't do) 

For example:

我没有吃饭。(wǒ méi yǒu chī fàn.) 

我没有吃早餐。(wǒ méi yǒu chī zǎo cān)-I didn't eat breakfast

我没有做运动。(wǒ méi yǒu zuò yùn dòng.)-I did not exercise

我没有喝水。(wǒ méi yǒu hē shuǐ.)-I didn't drink water.​

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